In this busy lifestyle and competitive world, you may go through the situations where you feel stressed and find it hard to cope with the situation.
But, when there are severe ups and downs, you may experience bipolar disorder, manic depression that brings high impact on your mood, energy, thinking power as well as behavior.
Sometimes, there are extremely high levels of mania, while sometimes there are lows of depression.
This condition consists of repeated incidents of depression.
Also, people suffering from this mental illness have a 50 times higher suicide rate as compared to the common people.
Here, we will talk about everything about bipolar disorder including symptoms, causes, and treatment.
Table of Contents
- What is Bipolar Disorder?
- Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder
- Few things you must know
- Causes of Bipolar Disorder
- Bipolar Disorder Treatment
- Bipolar Disorder Self-help
Bipolar Disorder – Symptoms, Causes & Treatment
What is Bipolar Disorder?
Bipolar disorder is a mental condition that involves extreme changes in mood.
The symptoms of this mental illness can include mania, which is actually an exceedingly elevated mood.
This mental condition also called bipolar disease or manic depression.
The victim of bipolar disease may find it hard to concentrate and manage everyday activities; it can be study, job, relationships or anything.
Though bipolar disorder has no cure, with the help of various treatment options – medications, lifestyle changes, and natural remedies, it is possible to manage its symptoms.
Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder
The symptoms of Bipolar disorder are different in different people and they mostly depend on the pattern, severity, and frequency.
It is found that some people have a high risk of either mania or depression; while on the other hand, some people are prone to both types of episodes equally.
The main symptoms that can occur with this mental condition are:
Symptoms of Mania and Hypomania
Though these two are distinct types of episodes, they have the same symptoms.
In the mania phase, you experience high in energy, creativity, and euphoria, which usually gets out of control.
Both mania and hypomania are ‘high’ moods, but mania is more severe than hypomania.
- Full of energy
- Less need for sleep
- Drug use
- Excessive happiness and excitement
- Unable to concentrate
- Unprotected sex
- Sudden variation from extremely joyful to angry and irritable
- Making unrealistic plans
- Impaired judgment
Symptoms of Depression
The depression episodes of bipolar disorder include symptoms that cause noticeable trouble in concentrating day-to-day activities.
These symptoms of bipolar disorder are similar to major depressive disorder or clinical depression.
- Deep sadness
- Loss of energy
- Feelings of hopelessness
- Too much or too low sleep
- Suicidal thoughts
- Lack of interest
- Trouble in concentration
- Uncontrollable crying
- Weight changes
Few things you must know
In severe depression episodes, a person may have suicidal thoughts and even act on those thoughts.
Whether manic or depressive episodes, psychosis can occur in both cases and in some cases, a person is unable to distinguish between imaginary and reality.
In case of mania episodes, such people think that they have special powers or are famous or have influential social networks, while in depressive episodes, they feel like they are a criminal or they are worthless and ruined.
When it comes to children and teenagers, bipolar disorder may cause temper tantrums, quick mood changes, extreme aggressive behavior, short-tempered and irresponsible behavior.
One thing you must be aware of this condition is that symptoms of bipolar disorder can be managed with the appropriate treatment.
But before moving to bipolar disorder treatment, we would like to let you know about the causes of bipolar disorder.
Causes of Bipolar Disorder
The causes of this mental disorder are not completely understood, but in most of the cases, it is found to be hereditary.
However, bipolar disorder does not pass from one to another genetically; rather, it may cause as a result of genetic, biological traits, psychological and environmental factors.
Among them, stress has been found to be the most significant contributor to the growth of bipolar disorder.
These are some of the possible causes of bipolar disorder.
If your parent or a sibling is suffering from bipolar disorder, there is a possibility of developing this condition in you.
At the same time, it is also found that most people with a family history of bipolar disorder do not develop this condition.
The abnormalities in your brain structure or functions may also increase the risk of bipolar disorder.
The significance of physical changes in the brain of people with this condition is still uncertain, but it may be one of its causes.
Not just the body, even the outside factors can also become the cause of this condition.
Stress, physical illness, and traumatic experiences are some of these factors that may contribute to developing bipolar disorder.
All these factors may become the causes of developing bipolar disorder.
Also, a combination of these factors is more likely to contribute to the development of this mental condition.
Bipolar Disorder Treatment
If you find or experience the symptoms of bipolar disorder in yourself or someone you know, do not ignore to take help.
Always keep in mind that ignoring this condition may get it worse, so instead of getting more problems as a result of this untreated bipolar disorder, consult the expert immediately.
Though there is no treatment to completely get rid of this condition, there are many treatments that can help you in managing bipolar disorder.
These include medications, lifestyle changes, counseling, and even natural remedies that are helpful in treating your mental condition.
Psychotherapy is highly recommended to manage the symptoms of this disease, these include
- Cognitive behavioral therapy
In cognitive behavioral therapy, you and your therapist talk about how to deal with your condition.
They also help you to know about different ways to manage your bipolar disorder, along with your thinking and behavior patterns.
They also help you to recognize the positive coping strategies based on the conversation with you.
Psychoeducation is also one part of treatment, where a counselor (an expert in mental conditions) will help you and your family members to understand this disease in a better way.
Getting everything about bipolar disorder is something that can help you and others a lot in managing this condition in your life.
- Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy (IPSRT)
This therapy helps a victim to regulate their daily activities, such as eating habits, sleeping time, and even excursing.
These are the everyday basics that need to be balanced to manage your disorder.
Other bipolar disorder treatment options are:
- Sleeping pills
- Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
- Lifestyle changes
Bipolar Disorder Self-help
Dealing with bipolar disorder is not easy, so in order to successfully manage your condition, you need to make some smart choices by helping yourself in your own ways.
In addition to medications and other treatments, simply incorporate these self-help tips in your life to manage your mental health.
- Try to get as much information as you can about this disease, because the more you learn, the better you will manage it.
- Start exercising daily as it may reduce the episodes of mania or depression you experience. You can go for running, jogging, swimming, dancing, climbing or anything which is beneficial for the brain and nervous system.
- Always try to avoid stressful situations and keep your stress in check, and if anytime you experience stress, simply try deep breathing, yoga, and meditation as the best stress relaxing techniques.
- Join a support group or talk to your family members or anyone you trust. Never hesitate to seek the support of your well-wishers.
- Always stay closely with caring supportive people; they can be your family members, friends, colleagues or anyone with whom you can share what you are experiencing.
- Make a regular schedule of your sleeping time and also make healthy eating habits.
- Always monitor the signs and symptoms that can take your moods out of control, this will help in managing the problem before it starts.
Living with bipolar disorder is quite a challenge for you, so you must work on managing this condition and get ease from sudden mood swings.
Hopefully, this guide will help you to learn how to deal with your mental health by incorporating healthy and positive habits in your life.