What is High Blood Pressure? Its Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

By admin December 6, 2019 in Uncategorized

Whether you have low or high blood pressure, both conditions cause major damage to the blood vessels.

This damage can further results in various severe health complications, such as heart attack, stroke, kidney disease, vision problems, and other health issues.

When we talk about high blood pressure, this condition often does not show any symptoms.

Due to this, many people are even unaware of the fact that they are dealing with high blood pressure or hypertension and they need immediate action.

There are several ways to manage this condition, like regular screening may help a lot in getting aware of the situation and you may learn about what preventive actions need to be taken to keep your blood pressure in a normal state.

High Blood Pressure – Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Here, in this guide, you will learn everything about this condition that includes high blood pressure symptoms, causes, and treatment.

Table of Contents

  • What is High Blood Pressure?
  • High Blood Pressure Symptoms
  • High Blood Pressure Causes
  • High Blood Pressure Treatment

What is High Blood Pressure?

Many people do not know what exactly occurs in high blood pressure, which is also called hypertension.

In this condition, the blood pressure of a person increases to a level that is unhealthy for him/her.

high blood pressure

The people with narrow arteries are more likely to deal with high blood pressure, because they increase resistance and hence, result in higher blood pressure.

If you have high blood pressure for a long time, it may further cause various health issues, including heart disease.

No doubt, these days due to hectic schedules, modern lifestyle, unhealthy eating habits, etc., hypertension is common among the people.

But, with time, the chances of high blood pressure increase without noticing any symptoms.

Even if you do not notice any symptoms, this condition causes damage to the blood vessels and organs, such as the heart, brain, and kidneys.

So, it is important to keep your blood pressure under control for preserving health and to reduce the risk of various health issues.

The symptoms of hypertension will let you know that something wrong is happening to your body and you need to consult a doctor.

High Blood Pressure Symptoms

Many people with this condition have no signs or symptoms and their blood pressure readings reach high levels without any notice.

While on the other hand, some people may experience symptoms such as

  • Headache
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nosebleeds
  • Chest Pain
  • Visual Changes
  • Dizziness
  • Heart Palpitations

These signs and symptoms do not occur in all people suffering from hypertension, but sometimes a person reaches the severe or life-threatening stage of the condition.

So, to get your condition treated at the right time, these high blood pressure symptoms need immediate medical attention.

To get to know about the regular blood pressure readings, most doctors take these readings at each appointment to check your blood pressure.

In some cases, doctors recommend you having regular blood pressure checked if he/she finds anything wrong in your readings or if you have a family history with the risks that can develop this condition.

High Blood Pressure SymptomsHigh Blood Pressure Symptoms

Now, have you ever thought that what causes high blood pressure? Why there is a great increase in the number of people having high blood pressure?

High Blood Pressure Causes

When it comes to high blood pressure causes, food habits, medications, lifestyle, age, and inheritances are some of the common risk factors for this condition.

Here are some of the causes that can lead to hypertension.

  • Age

As you get older, the risk of getting hypertension increases, especially people of above 60 years are more likely to develop high blood pressure.

  • Family History

If you have a family history with high blood pressure, you may get this condition over any age because this condition tends to run from one generation to another.

  • Overweight or Obesity

If you are overweight or dealing with obesity, your body needs more blood to supply oxygen and nutrients to the tissues.

When more blood circulates through blood vessels, it results to the pressure on artery walls and hence increases your blood pressure.

  • Lack of Physical Activity

If you are not physically active, you may have higher heart rates, which means the pressure on your arteries increases.

In addition, the lack of physical activity also results in gaining more weight.

  • Tobacco

Smoking or chewing tobacco not only results in increasing your blood pressure, but it also damages the lining of the artery walls.

Hence, narrow arteries increase the risk of high blood pressure and heart disease as well.

  • Too much Salt

If you are eating a diet high in salt on a regular basis, immediately stop it, because consuming too much salt results in retaining fluid in your body and hence, increases blood pressure.

  • Low Potassium Intake

If you are not getting an adequate amount of potassium in your diet, your body will be unable to balance the amount of sodium and may increase sodium in your blood, which will further increase the blood pressure.

  • Too much Alcohol

If you drink too much alcohol, the chances of having hypertension increase to a great extent. So, either stop drinking alcohol or if you cannot do this, drink it in moderation.

So, it is advised to have one drink a day for women and two drinks a day for men, more than this may affect your blood pressure.

High blood pressure causes

  • Stress

Stress is the main cause of many diseases, including high blood pressure.

If you have high levels of stress, you are more likely to have a temporary increase in blood pressure.

Apart from these high blood pressure causes, various chronic conditions may also result in increase in blood pressure, these include diabetes, hyperthyroidism, and kidney disease.

High Blood Pressure Treatment

High blood pressure treatment usually starts by making certain changes to your lifestyle as it works great in lowering your blood pressure as well as also reduces the risk of heart disease.


Along with some recommendations for your lifestyle, a doctor may also prescribe some antihypertensive medicines to lower your blood pressure.

No matter what kind of high blood pressure treatment your doctor recommends you, the main goal is to get your blood pressure to a normal level.

Sometimes, your doctor may recommend you to take more than one medicine depending on your condition to manage the risk of having a stroke or heart attack.

Managing Diet

Apart from medications, it is very important to manage your diet that works effectively in preventing and treating high blood pressure.

  • You must include fruits, vegetables, whole grains and omega oils in your diet.
  • People who eat animal products must avoid processed meats.
  • By limiting your salt intake, you can reduce the risk of hypertension to a great extent.

high blood pressure treatment

  • Do not forget to add avocados, nuts and olive oil in your daily diet, but have them in moderation.
  • Health experts recommend people with high blood pressure to have seeds, beans, and low-fat dairy products.
  • Moderate consumption of caffeine is safe for people with hypertension, but over-consumption may risk various health problems.

Home Remedies

You can also manage your high blood pressure by following these home remedies.

  • Do at least 30 minutes of exercise every day.
  • Losing those extra pounds can also help in reducing blood pressure.
  • You must have adequate sleep at night.
  • You can also do yoga to normalize your blood pressure.
  • Also, cut down the intake of added sugars and refined carbs.
  • Eat potassium-rich, magnesium-rich and calcium-rich foods.


Hopefully, this guide will help you to learn the most about the high blood pressure and how to manage it.

Also, the best way to prevent high blood pressure is to monitor it regularly by taking readings at home or you can visit your doctor’s office.

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