Osteoarthritis is a disease that affects millions of people around the world.
It is the most common form of arthritis that causes mild to severe pain in the joints and does not affect other body organs.
This degenerative disease occurs when the protective cartilage, which acts as a cushion between the bones of the joints, wears down.
It commonly affects the joints of knees, hands, hips, shoulders, and spine.
This disease occurs more frequently with the growing age.
Osteoarthritis – Symptoms, Treatment & Home Remedies
Here, you will get to know about Osteoarthritis symptoms, Osteoarthritis treatment as well as some home remedies to get some relief from pain and other symptoms of the disease.
Table of Contents
- Symptoms of Osteoarthriti
- Signs & Symptoms
- Treatment of Osteoarthritis
- Surgical and other procedures
- Lifestyle Changes
- Home Remedies
- Home Remedies of Osteoarthritis
- Hot and Cold Compress
- Green Tea
- Epsom Salt Bath
- Stay Active
Symptoms of Osteoarthritis
Unlike other forms of arthritis, this disease does not affect multiple parts of the body except joints.
You must also know that Osteoarthritis symptoms can be controlled, but the damage to the joints cannot be retreated.
Instead, you can slow down the progression of Osteoarthritis, can reduce the pain and can improve joint function with the appropriate treatment and other remedies.
The symptoms of this degenerative arthritis occur slowly and get worse with time.
The common symptom is pain in the affected joints when it is used repetitive, this may lead to knee pain, hip pain, shoulder pain, foot pain, wrist pain, ankle pain and in other joints.
With the repetitive use of the joints, the pain gets worse with additional symptoms such as swelling, warmth, and creaking.
Signs & Symptoms
- Pain in the affected joints
- Stiffness, after being inactive
- Tenderness, when apply little pressure
- Loss of Flexibility, not able to move your joint with full motion
- Grating Sensation, when you use joints and may also hear popping/crackling
- Bone Spurs, feel hard bumps around the affected joint
- Swelling, due to soft tissue inflammation around the affected joint
If you remain inactive for a long time, like sitting in a chair without any movement, you may experience pain and stiffness in the joints.
Treatment of Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis is a ‘wear and tear’ disease that cannot be cured completely, but you can manage its symptoms with the help of the right treatment, medications, lifestyle changes and natural remedies.
Osteoarthritis treatment starts after the physical examination and some tests of the patient, like inflammation, tenderness, swelling, and redness.
The doctor might recommend the imaging tests i.e. X-rays and MRI, and lab tests that include blood tests and joint fluid analysis.
Each test is then analyzed to confirm the diagnosis.
Osteoarthritis treatment includes:
The effective medications are given to the patient to relieve Osteoarthritis symptoms, the most common is pain.
These medications can be Acetaminophen, Over-the-counter NSAIDs (Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), Duloxetine and others depending on the severity of the pain.
Physical therapy and Occupational therapy to strengthen the muscles around the affected joints, to reduce pain and increase flexibility without putting pressure on the painful joint.
Surgical and other procedures
When no conservative treatment gives you relief from Osteoarthritis symptoms, you can go for other procedures such as Cortisone injections, Lubrication injections, Realigning bones, and Joint replacement.
Lifestyle change is also one of the helpful Osteoarthritis treatments.
You must keep yourself active and engage in the activities without putting stress on the affected joints.
Also, you must work on losing some weight if you carry extra weight that increases the stress on knees, hips, and feet.
Home remedies are something that can help you get relief from pain without the side-effects.
You can take the help of Osteoarthritis home remedies along with the medications.
Home Remedies for Osteoarthritis
As we have discussed earlier that there is no cure for Osteoarthritis, but with the combination of medications, lifestyle changes as well as some remedies, you can manage the pain and other symptoms with fewer side effects.
Here, we have some of the home remedies for Osteoarthritis that can help you in getting some relief from pain.
Hot and Cold Compress
No matter what kind of pain you have in this disease, hot and cold compress comes out to be a very beneficial remedy to get some relief.
You need not worry about any long-term side effects as it is one of the highly recommended home remedies for osteoarthritis which you must apply.
Hot compress is helpful for joint stiffness, while cold compress is beneficial for joint pain.
Also, compresses work effectively in reducing muscle pain and inflammation around the joints.
A compound, polyphenols, present in green tea is highly helpful in reducing inflammation, pain as well as the need for medications.
You can have 1-2 cups of green tea daily to get some relief from the symptoms of Osteoarthritis.
Also, it is recommended not to take a large amount of green tea as it may risk your liver and other side effects, so keep moderate consumption.
Epsom Salt Bath
Bathing using Epsom salt gives relief to your whole body, especially to joint pain.
Epsom salt contains magnesium that helps in reducing pain and inflammation.
Simply, add 2 cups of Epsom salt in warm water and take Epsom salt bath for 30 minutes at a time, which is completely safe.
When it comes to staying active, the very first thing that comes to mind is exercise. But, for Osteoarthritis patients, it is difficult to exercise due to painful joints.
Staying active plays a great role in reducing pain in the long run as well as strengthens your muscles.
Bike riding, swimming, walking, yoga, and other low impact activities can be the best exercises for Osteoarthritis.
Make sure to consult your doctor before starting any exercise, especially if you have acute pain in the joints.
It is recommended to massage the arthritic joints with natural oils and ointments that contain anti-inflammatory properties.
The regular massage helps in reducing pain and stiffness in the joints, as well as, also beneficial in the recovery of the mobility of the painful and stiff joints.
Simply massage gently on the affected areas, it will improve blood circulation around the joint and give pain relief.
This information will help you manage your symptoms and conditions that will help you to stop further damage to the joints.
Taking the help of home remedies of Osteoarthritis complements the treatment and gives you extra relief.
If you feel that your existing treatment plan is not giving you relief from symptoms, consult your doctor for other Osteoarthritis treatment.